Trezor vs Ledger Nano Hardware Wallet Comparison ...

A Beginners Guide to Bitcoin, Blockchain & Cryptocurrency

As cryptocurrency, and blockchain technology become more abundant throughout our society, it’s important to understand the inner workings of this technology, especially if you plan to use cryptocurrency as an investment vehicle. If you’re new to the crypto-sphere, learning about Bitcoin makes it much easier to understand other cryptocurrencies as many other altcoins' technologies are borrowed directly from Bitcoin.
Bitcoin is one of those things that you look into only to discover you have more questions than answers, and right as you’re starting to wrap your head around the technology; you discover the fact that Bitcoin has six other variants (forks), the amount of politics at hand, or that there are over a thousand different cryptocurrencies just as complex if not even more complex than Bitcoin.
We are currently in the infancy of blockchain technology and the effects of this technology will be as profound as the internet. This isn’t something that’s just going to fade away into history as you may have been led to believe. I believe this is something that will become an integral part of our society, eventually embedded within our technology. If you’re a crypto-newbie, be glad that you're relatively early to the industry. I hope this post will put you on the fast-track to understanding Bitcoin, blockchain, and how a large percentage of cryptocurrencies work.

Community Terminology

Altcoin: Short for alternative coin. There are over 1,000 different cryptocurrencies. You’re probably most familiar with Bitcoin. Anything that isn’t Bitcoin is generally referred to as an altcoin.
HODL: Misspelling of hold. Dank meme accidentally started by this dude. Hodlers are much more interested in long term gains rather than playing the risky game of trying to time the market.
TO THE MOON: When a cryptocurrency’s price rapidly increases. A major price spike of over 1,000% can look like it’s blasting off to the moon. Just be sure you’re wearing your seatbelt when it comes crashing down.
FUD: Fear. Uncertainty. Doubt.
FOMO: Fear of missing out.
Bull Run: Financial term used to describe a rising market.
Bear Run: Financial term used to describe a falling market.

What Is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin (BTC) is a decentralized digital currency that uses cryptography to secure and ensure validity of transactions within the network. Hence the term crypto-currency. Decentralization is a key aspect of Bitcoin. There is no CEO of Bitcoin or central authoritative government in control of the currency. The currency is ran and operated by the people, for the people. One of the main development teams behind Bitcoin is blockstream.
Bitcoin is a product of blockchain technology. Blockchain is what allows for the security and decentralization of Bitcoin. To understand Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, you must understand to some degree, blockchain. This can get extremely technical the further down the rabbit hole you go, and because this is technically a beginners guide, I’m going to try and simplify to the best of my ability and provide resources for further technical reading.

A Brief History

Bitcoin was created by Satoshi Nakamoto. The identity of Nakamoto is unknown. The idea of Bitcoin was first introduced in 2008 when Nakamoto released the Bitcoin white paper - Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System. Later, in January 2009, Nakamoto announced the Bitcoin software and the Bitcoin network officially began.
I should also mention that the smallest unit of a Bitcoin is called a Satoshi. 1 BTC = 100,000,000 Satoshis. When purchasing Bitcoin, you don’t actually need to purchase an entire coin. Bitcoin is divisible, so you can purchase any amount greater than 1 Satoshi (0.00000001 BTC).

What Is Blockchain?

Blockchain is a distributed ledger, a distributed collection of accounts. What is being accounted for depends on the use-case of the blockchain itself. In the case of Bitcoin, what is being accounted for is financial transactions.
The first block in a blockchain is referred to as the genesis block. A block is an aggregate of data. Blocks are also discovered through a process known as mining (more on this later). Each block is cryptographically signed by the previous block in the chain and visualizing this would look something akin to a chain of blocks, hence the term, blockchain.
For more information regarding blockchain I’ve provided more resouces below:

What is Bitcoin Mining

Bitcoin mining is one solution to the double spend problem. Bitcoin mining is how transactions are placed into blocks and added onto the blockchain. This is done to ensure proof of work, where computational power is staked in order to solve what is essentially a puzzle. If you solve the puzzle correctly, you are rewarded Bitcoin in the form of transaction fees, and the predetermined block reward. The Bitcoin given during a block reward is also the only way new Bitcoin can be introduced into the economy. With a halving event occurring roughly every 4 years, it is estimated that the last Bitcoin block will be mined in the year 2,140. (See What is Block Reward below for more info).
Mining is one of those aspects of Bitcoin that can get extremely technical and more complicated the further down the rabbit hole you go. An entire website could be created (and many have) dedicated solely to information regarding Bitcoin mining. The small paragraph above is meant to briefly expose you to the function of mining and the role it plays within the ecosystem. It doesn’t even scratch the surface regarding the topic.

How do you Purchase Bitcoin?

The most popular way to purchase Bitcoin through is through an online exchange where you trade fiat (your national currency) for Bitcoin.
Popular exchanges include:
  • Coinbase
  • Kraken
  • Cex
  • Gemini
There’s tons of different exchanges. Just make sure you find one that supports your national currency.

Volatility

Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies are EXTREMELY volatile. Swings of 30% or more within a few days is not unheard of. Understand that there is always inherent risks with any investment. Cryptocurrencies especially. Only invest what you’re willing to lose.

Transaction & Network Fees

Transacting on the Bitcoin network is not free. Every purchase or transfer of Bitcoin will cost X amount of BTC depending on how congested the network is. These fees are given to miners as apart of the block reward.
Late 2017 when Bitcoin got up to $20,000USD, the average network fee was ~$50. Currently, at the time of writing this, the average network fee is $1.46. This data is available in real-time on BitInfoCharts.

Security

In this new era of money, there is no central bank or government you can go to in need of assistance. This means the responsibility of your money falls 100% into your hands. That being said, the security regarding your cryptocurrency should be impeccable. The anonymity provided by cryptocurrencies alone makes you a valuable target to hackers and scammers. Below I’ve detailed out best practices regarding securing your cryptocurrency.

Two-Factor Authentication (2FA)

Two-factor authentication is a second way of authenticating your identity upon signing in to an account. Most cryptocurrency related software/websites will offer or require some form of 2FA. Upon creation of any crypto-related account find the Security section and enable 2FA.

SMS Authentication

The most basic form of 2FA which you are probably most familiar with. This form of authentication sends a text message to your smartphone with a special code that will allow access to your account upon entry. Note that this is not the safest form of 2FA as you may still be vulnerable to what is known as a SIM swap attack. SIM swapping is a social engineering method in which an attacker will call up your phone carrier, impersonating you, in attempt to re-activate your SIM card on his/her device. Once the attacker has access to your SIM card he/she now has access to your text messages which can then be used to access your online accounts. You can prevent this by using an authenticator such as Google Authenticator.

Authenticator

The use of an authenticator is the safest form of 2FA. An authenticator is installed on a seperate device and enabling it requires you input an ever changing six digit code in order to access your account. I recommend using Google Authenticator.
If a website has the option to enable an authenticator, it will give you a QR code and secret key. Use Google Authenticator to scan the QR code. The secret key consists of a random string of numbers and letters. Write this down on a seperate sheet of paper and do not store it on a digital device.
Once Google Authenticator has been enabled, every time you sign into your account, you will have to input a six-digit code that looks similar to this. If you happen to lose or damage the device you have Google Authenticator installed on, you will be locked out of your account UNLESS you have access to the secret key (which you should have written down).

Hardware Wallets

A wallet is what you store Bitcoin and cryptocurrency on. I’ll provide resources on the different type of wallets later but I want to emphasize the use of a hardware wallet (aka cold storage).
Hardware wallets are the safest way of storing cryptocurrency because it allows for your crypto to be kept offline in a physical device. After purchasing crypto via an exchange, I recommend transferring it to cold storage. The most popular hardware wallets include the Ledger Nano S, and Trezor.
Hardware wallets come with a special key so that if it gets lost or damaged, you can recover your crypto. I recommend keeping your recovery key as well as any other sensitive information in a safety deposit box.
I know this all may seem a bit manic, but it is important you take the necessary security precautions in order to ensure the safety & longevity of your cryptocurrency.

Technical Aspects of Bitcoin

TL;DR
  • Address: What you send Bitcoin to.
  • Wallet: Where you store your Bitcoin
  • Max Supply: 21 million
  • Block Time: ~10 minutes
  • Block Size: 1-2 MB
  • Block Reward: BTC reward received from mining.

What is a Bitcoin Address?

A Bitcoin address is what you send Bitcoin to. If you want to receive Bitcoin you’d give someone your Bitcoin address. Think of a Bitcoin address as an email address for money.

What is a Bitcoin Wallet?

As the title implies, a Bitcoin wallet is anything that can store Bitcoin. There are many different types of wallets including paper wallets, software wallets and hardware wallets. It is generally advised NOT to keep cryptocurrency on an exchange, as exchanges are prone to hacks (see Mt. Gox hack).
My preferred method of storing cryptocurrency is using a hardware wallet such as the Ledger Nano S or Trezor. These allow you to keep your crypto offline in physical form and as a result, much more safe from hacks. Paper wallets also allow for this but have less functionality in my opinion.
After I make crypto purchases, I transfer it to my Ledger Nano S and keep that in a safe at home. Hardware wallets also come with a special key so that if it gets lost or damaged, you can recover your crypto. I recommend keeping your recovery key in a safety deposit box.

What is Bitcoins Max Supply?

The max supply of Bitcoin is 21 million. The only way new Bitcoins can be introduced into the economy are through block rewards which are given after successfully mining a block (more on this later).

What is Bitcoins Block Time?

The average time in which blocks are created is called block time. For Bitcoin, the block time is ~10 minutes, meaning, 10 minutes is the minimum amount of time it will take for a Bitcoin transaction to be processed. Note that transactions on the Bitcoin network can take much longer depending on how congested the network is. Having to wait a few hours or even a few days in some instances for a transaction to clear is not unheard of.
Other cryptocurrencies will have different block times. For example, Ethereum has a block time of ~15 seconds.
For more information on how block time works, Prabath Siriwardena has a good block post on this subject which can be found here.

What is Bitcoins Block Size?

There is a limit to how large blocks can be. In the early days of Bitcoin, the block size was 36MB, but in 2010 this was reduced to 1 MB in order to prevent distributed denial of service attacks (DDoS), spam, and other malicious use on the blockchain. Nowadays, blocks are routinely in excess of 1MB, with the largest to date being somewhere around 2.1 MB.
There is much debate amongst the community on whether or not to increase Bitcoin’s block size limit to account for ever-increasing network demand. A larger block size would allow for more transactions to be processed. The con argument to this is that decentralization would be at risk as mining would become more centralized. As a result of this debate, on August 1, 2017, Bitcoin underwent a hard-fork and Bitcoin Cash was created which has a block size limit of 8 MB. Note that these are two completely different blockchains and sending Bitcoin to a Bitcoin Cash wallet (or vice versa) will result in a failed transaction.
Update: As of May 15th, 2018 Bitcoin Cash underwent another hard fork and the block size has increased to 32 MB.
On the topic of Bitcoin vs Bitcoin Cash and which cryptocurrency is better, I’ll let you do your own research and make that decision for yourself. It is good to know that this is a debated topic within the community and example of the politics that manifest within the space. Now if you see community members arguing about this topic, you’ll at least have a bit of background to the issue.

What is Block Reward?

Block reward is the BTC you receive after discovering a block. Blocks are discovered through a process called mining. The only way new BTC can be added to the economy is through block rewards and the block reward is halved every 210,000 blocks (approximately every 4 years). Halving events are done to limit the supply of Bitcoin. At the inception of Bitcoin, the block reward was 50BTC. At the time of writing this, the block reward is 12.5BTC. Halving events will continue to occur until the amount of new Bitcoin introduced into the economy becomes less than 1 Satoshi. This is expected to happen around the year 2,140. All 21 million Bitcoins will have been mined. Once all Bitcoins have been mined, the block reward will only consist of transaction fees.

Technical Aspects Continued

Understanding Nodes

Straight from the Bitcoin.it wiki
Any computer that connects to the Bitcoin network is called a node. Nodes that fully verify all of the rules of Bitcoin are called full nodes.
In other words, full nodes are what verify the Bitcoin blockchain and they play a crucial role in maintaining the decentralized network. Full nodes store the entirety of the blockchain and validate transactions. Anyone can participate in the Bitcoin network and run a full node. Bitcoin.org has information on how to set up a full node. Running a full node also gives you wallet capabilities and the ability to query the blockchain.
For more information on Bitcoin nodes, see Andreas Antonopoulos’s Q&A on the role of nodes.

What is a Fork?

A fork is a divergence in a blockchain. Since Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer network, there’s an overall set of rules (protocol) in which participants within the network must abide by. These rules are put in place to form network consensus. Forks occur when implementations must be made to the blockchain or if there is disagreement amongst the network on how consensus should be achieved.

Soft Fork vs Hard Fork

The difference between soft and hard forks lies in compatibility. Soft forks are backwards compatible, hard forks are not. Think of soft forks as software upgrades to the blockchain, whereas hard forks are a software upgrade that warrant a completely new blockchain.
During a soft fork, miners and nodes upgrade their software to support new consensus rules. Nodes that do not upgrade will still accept the new blockchain.
Examples of Bitcoin soft forks include:
A hard fork can be thought of as the creation of a new blockchain that X percentage of the community decides to migrate too. During a hard fork, miners and nodes upgrade their software to support new consensus rules, Nodes that do not upgrade are invalid and cannot accept the new blockchain.
Examples of Bitcoin hard forks include:
  • Bitcoin Cash
  • Bitcoin Gold
Note that these are completely different blockchains and independent from the Bitcoin blockchain. If you try to send Bitcoin to one of these blockchains, the transaction will fail.

A Case For Bitcoin in a World of Centralization

Our current financial system is centralized, which means the ledger(s) that operate within this centralized system are subjugated to control, manipulation, fraud, and many other negative aspects that come with this system. There are also pros that come with a centralized system, such as the ability to swiftly make decisions. However, at some point, the cons outweigh the pros, and change is needed. What makes Bitcoin so special as opposed to our current financial system is that Bitcoin allows for the decentralized transfer of money. Not one person owns the Bitcoin network, everybody does. Not one person controls Bitcoin, everybody does. A decentralized system in theory removes much of the baggage that comes with a centralized system. Not to say the Bitcoin network doesn’t have its problems (wink wink it does), and there’s much debate amongst the community as to how to go about solving these issues. But even tiny steps are significant steps in the world of blockchain, and I believe Bitcoin will ultimately help to democratize our financial system, whether or not you believe it is here to stay for good.

Final Conclusions

Well that was a lot of words… Anyways I hope this guide was beneficial, especially to you crypto newbies out there. You may have come into this realm not expecting there to be an abundance of information to learn about. I know I didn’t. Bitcoin is only the tip of the iceberg, but now that you have a fundamental understanding of Bitcoin, learning about other cryptocurrencies such as Litecoin, and Ethereum will come more naturally.
Feel free to ask questions below! I’m sure either the community or myself would be happy to answer your questions.
Thanks for reading!

Related Links

Guides

Exchanges

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Crypto Wallet

Crypto Wallet Guide
Humans have come a long way from the barter trading (trading goods without using the money) to gold, then later to paper currency and now we have arrived in the age of digital currency.
There are more than 2000 cryptocurrencies in the world with a market capitalization of around $175 billion, it is necessary to know about them. Where these currencies are stored? How does the crypto wallet work? If You are still reading this, it says you are a beginner and want to explore the crypto world.
To understand the crypto concept, first, know about the crypto wallets.
What Is Cryptocurrency Wallet?
A cryptocurrency wallet is a software program used to store, send, receive private and public keys and can be used to track ownership. It enables you to send and receive digital coins through blockchain. Wallets are a necessary factor for investing and owning cryptocurrencies of any sort.
However, Some wallets are built for a single cryptocurrency( bitcoin and coins forked from bitcoin like bitcoin cash), some can be used for more than one coin(multi cryptocurrency wallet), some wallets you’ll manage yourself, and some will be custodial.
What Are Public & Private Keys?
A public key is a unique identifier for a person and a private key is like a password similar to an ATM pin. A sender will require the public key of the receiver to send him the cryptocurrency and the receiver will be able to access and use these cryptocurrencies by using the private key. A private key must be protected in order to avoid fraudulent activities such as hacking, stealing of cryptocurrencies, etc.
A public key can be extracted from a private key, but a private key can never be extracted from a public key.
A private key should always be kept safe. Exposing it would be vulnerable for various hacks and stealing of the coins by with whom you have shared. sending them to another wallet which they control.
Example of a private key: N2nGYRCBbs6ZRs8w5LHam4r85ikxBzhRNgpNJjqk7D5vrpuaVJB
Example of a public key: 958ikZuaAbGkzXuFL9sfGHYj9ethop8qMh
How Does a Cryptocurrency Wallet Work?
Cryptocurrency wallets work like the safety deposit boxes. Unlike traditional pocket wallets, where they don’t store digital currency. The crypto wallets store your private and public keys and interface with multiple blockchains. Thus, users can track their balance, send money and conduct other operations.
Moreover, currencies don’t get stored in any single place. Also, it is advised not to store the cryptocurrencies on the wallet offered by the particular exchange, because the exchange will own your private key. So better you transfer it to your own crypto wallet to have control over the cryptocurrencies owned by you.
A wallet address is the same as a bank account number. Providing your bank account number to other people, as they need it to transfer your funds. For example: This is like your friend transferring you money, so he needs your bank account number.
In the world of cryptocurrency, if anyone wants to transfer you crypto coins, you should provide him with your wallet address. Similar, like in the real world, however, no two wallets can have the same address, which means that there is no risk of your fund being to transfer to others address. Moreover, there is no limit to the 5number of wallet addresses you create.
Different Types of Crypto Wallets
There are multiple types of wallets that provide different ways to store and access your digital currency.
Hot Wallets vs Cold Wallets
you might come across frequently with the terms “hot wallets” and “cold wallets”. All crypto wallets fall under these two types.
In general, whatever is connected to the internet is less secure than something that is not. This is the difference, where “hot” wallets are connected to the internet and “cold” wallets” are not.
Online, desktop and mobile wallets are hot wallets, while hardware and paper wallets are cold wallets.
1). Software Wallet:
There are three forms of software wallets:
Desktop wallets: These are installed on a laptop or a PC, and can be accessed from a single computer. Although they provide high security, if the computer is attacked by the virus, there is a chance of losing your wallet.
Online wallets: These wallets run on the cloud and can be accessed from any device. Here, your keys are stored online.
Mobile wallets: These wallets that run on an application in a smartphone; they are simpler than the desktop wallets and can be used anywhere.
2). Full Node Wallet:
Here you can control your private keys and provide a full copy of the blockchain. Essentially every coin has an official wallet of this type and that can be found on the official GitHub of the site. “Official” means endorsed by the developers who created the coin.” Many cryptos are decentralized, so there is no real official anything.
3). Coin-Specific:
A wallet which works only with a specific coin.
4). Network-Specific:
A wallet which can hold multiple tokens on a single network.
5). Hardware Wallet:
These type of hardware are specifically built to hold cryptocurrency and keep it safe. This includes USB devices. Moreover, these devices can go online to make transactions and get data and then can be taken offline for transportation and security.
6). Paper Wallet:
This type of wallet lets you to both send and receive digital currency using a paper wallet. You can take a print of your QR code for both a private and public key. With this feature, you can completely avoid storing digital information about your currency by using a paper wallet.
7). Custodial Wallet:
In Custodial wallet, you can’t control your keys directly. Most exchange wallets are custodial wallets.
8). Multisignature Wallet:
It requires multiple parties to sign a transaction for any digital money to be spent. Multisignature wallets are designed to have more layer of security.
How To Choose a Wallet?
Here are some ideas on how to choose the best wallet for you.Hardware and paper wallets are the best to secure funds. Also, We always suggest official or officially endorsed wallet for any given coin.
Ledger Nano S: Multi-currency support, Built-in Display, Easy to operate, Security, Backup and restoration.
Ledger Blue: Malware proof, Multiple currencies, Secure elements.
Jaxx: Exclusive design, Easy to use, Personalized key, available on multiple OS.
Edge wallets: Security, Multi-Currency Support, Easy to use.
Exodus : Multi-currencies, Complete security, Great design, Multi-currencies.
Coinpayment: Bit-go integrated, Online store acceptable, vault, multi-coin wallet.
Most top performing wallets are (Binance, Coinbase, etc.) and they have exchanges too that offers for easy and quick trading between Bitcoin and other crypto or bitcoin and fiat currencies.
Online wallets are prone to security hack and therefore should be used as little as possible. It will be safe to divide your funds among the different types of wallets.
How to Register in a Wallet?
If you are a newbie to the crypto world, then read these points before proceeding:
Download the official wallet from the website.
Register for a custodial wallet service ‘Coinbase’ or non-custodial wallet service like ‘Blockchain’ Wallet (which handles both wallet and exchange with one account).
Purchase a hardware wallet like TREZOR for storage.
Use a universal software wallet or any other wallet that meet your needs like the ones mentioned above.
Coinbase and TREZOR are one of the good major choices, since, they have guides and can be kept safe with the best execution, and also, don’t need to download the full blockchain for a coin.
If you want to know more about particular wallets, Visit our crypto wallet section, you can enjoy reviews on many crypto wallets.
The post Crypto Wallet Guide appeared first on Cryptocurrency information | Cryptocurrency News | Bitcoin News and Crypto Guide.
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12-27 17:31 - 'Day 5: I will repost this guide daily until available solutions like SegWit & order batching are mass adopted, the mempool is empty once again, and transaction fees are low. ARE YOU PART OF THE SOLUTION? Unconfir...' (self.Bitcoin) by /u/Borax removed from /r/Bitcoin within 0-9min

'''
NOTE Just a daily repost because original OP [Bastiat]1 seems to be offline (due to holidays I guess). However, this is quite important as I see much misinformation on which exchanges use segwit or not. Please upvote for awareness.
BACKGROUND
Subhan Nadeem has pointed out that:
[If every transaction in the Bitcoin network was a SegWit transaction today, blocks would contain up to 8,000 transactions, and the 138,000 176,000 unconfirmed transaction backlog would disappear instantly. Transaction fees would be almost non-existent once again]2 .
A few thousand bitcoin users from /Bitcoin switching to making their next transactions SegWit transactions will help take pressure off the network now, and together we can encourage exchanges/wallets to rapidly deploy SegWit for everyone ASAP. Let's make it happen. You can help by taking one or more of the action steps below.
ACTION STEPS
  1. If your favorite wallet has not yet implemented SegWit, kindly ask them to do so immediately. In the meantime start using a wallet that has already implemented SegWit.
  2. If your favorite exchange has not yet implemented SegWit, try to avoid making any further purchases of bitcoin at that exchange and politely inform them that if they do not enable SegWit within 30-days they will lose your business. Sign-up for an account at a SegWit deployed/ready exchange now and initiate the verification process so you'll be ready to bail
  3. Help educate newcomers to bitcoin about the transaction issue, steer them towards SegWit wallets from day one, and encourage them to avoid ever purchasing bitcoin through non-SegWit ready exchanges that are harming bitcoin
IMPORTANT NOTE: The mempool is currently overflowing. If you are a long-term holder and really have no reason to move your bitcoins at this time, wait until the mempool starts to clear and transaction fees go down before moving your bitcoins to a SegWit address or SegWit friendly exchange
SELECTED TOP EXCHANGES BY SEGWIT & BATCHING STATUS
Exchange Segwit Status Batching Status
Binance ? NOT READY Yes
Bitfinex Not deployed ?
Bitonic Not deployed ?
Bitstamp Deployed Yes
Bittrex ? Yes
Coinbase/GDAX NOT READY No
Gemini Not deployed No
HitBTC Ready Deployed Yes
Huboi ? ?
Kraken Not deployed Yes
LocalBitcoins Not deployed ?
OKEx ? ?
Poloniex Not deployed Yes
QuadrigaCX Deployed Yes
Shapeshift Deployed No
[Source 1]3 ([link]18 ) [Source 2]4
After seeing this, is it any wonder that 90% of transactions on the network are not using the SegWit technology? And then is it any wonder that fees are ridiculous?
WALLETS
Make sure you have a SegWit capable wallet installed and ready to use for your next bitcoin transaction. Next time you need to send a transaction, use "pay to many" and set your second recipient to be your address in a SegWit wallet you control. However, if you have received a lot of payments to your old software, be aware that this could be a large (bytes) transaction and therefore you might be better off waiting. You will have to decide whether it's worth taking the hit now to prevent wasting money on fees in the near future vs not spending any coins until SegWit adoption is higher.
SegWit Enabled Wallets Wallet Type
Ledger Nano S Hardware
Trezor Hardware
Electrum Desktop
Armory Desktop
Edge iOS
GreenAddress iOS
BitWallet iOS
Samourai Android
GreenBits Android
Electrum Android
TODAY's NEWS/DEVELOPMENTS/VICTORIES
  • [Core is considering prioritizing SegWit GUI in the Core Wallet and pushing out an update fast without waiting for other features]5
  • [An Exodus Wallet representative has said they will not enable SegWit for now]6
  • [Largest exchange in Brazil implemented withdraws using Segwit]7
MEMPOOL/SEGWIT STATISTICS
  • [BitInfoCharts.com - Average Transaction Fees]8 - median $24USD per Tx
  • [Blockchain.info - Unconfirmed Transactions]9 - 176K Unconfirmed Tx's
  • [SegWit Charts]10 - 10% SegWit Tx's
FAQs
If I'm a HODLer, will it help to send my BTC to a SegWit address now?
  • No, just get ready now so that your NEXT transaction will be to a SegWit wallet. Avoid burdening the network with any unneccessary transactions for now.
Can you please tell me how to move my bitcoins to SegWit address in Bitcoin core wallet? Does the sender or receiver matter?
  • The Bitcoin core wallet does not yet have a GUI for its SegWit functionality. Download Electrum v3.0.3 to generate a SegWit address.
    A transaction between two SegWit addresses is a SegWit transaction.
    A transaction sent from a SegWit address to a non-SegWit address is a SegWit transaction.
    A transaction sent from a non-SegWit address to a SegWit address is NOT a SegWit transaction. You can send a SegWit Tx if the sending address is a SegWit address.
    [Source]11
What wallet are you using to "batch your sends"? And how can I do that?
  • Using Electrum, the "Tools" menu option: "Pay to many".
    Just enter your receive addresses and the amounts for each, and you can send multiple transactions for nearly the price of one.
Why doesn't the Core Wallet yet support SegWit?
  • The Core Wallet supports SegWit, but its GUI doesn't. The next update will likely have GUI support built-in
Why isn't a large exchange like Coinbase SegWit ready & deployed when much smaller exchanges already are? Why do they default to high fees? Where is the leadership there?
  • Draw your own conclusions based on their own words:
    [March 2016 - Coinbase CEO Brian Armstrong has reservations about Core]12
    [Dec 2017 - Coinbase is STILL working on Segwit]13
SEGWIT BLOG GUIDES
  • [HowToToken.com - How To Send Bitcoin Faster And Cheaper Over SegWit Transactions]14
PREVIOUS DAY'S THREADS
There's lots of excellent info in the comments of the previous threads:
  • Day 1: [If every Bitcoin tx was a SegWit tx today, we'd have 8,000 tx blocks & the tx backlog would disappear. Tx fees would be almost non-existent once again. THE NEXT BITCOIN TX YOU MAKE, MAKE IT A SegWit TX. DOWNLOAD A SegWit COMPATIBLE WALLET AND OPEN A SegWit COMPATIBLE EXCHANGE ACCOUNT RIGHT NOW]15
  • Day 2: [I will repost this guide daily until available solutions like Segwit & order batching are adopted, the mempool is empty once again, and transaction fees are low. You can help. Take action today]16
  • Day 3: [I will repost this guide daily until available solutions like SegWit & order batching are mass adopted, the mempool is empty once again, and transaction fees are low. ARE YOU PART OF THE SOLUTION? News: Unconfirmed TX's @ 274K, more exchanges/wallets adding SegWit, Core prioritizes SegWit GUI]17
  • Day 4: [I will repost this guide daily until available solutions like SegWit & order batching are mass adopted, the mempool is empty once again, and transaction fees are low. ARE YOU PART OF THE SOLUTION? News: Unconfirmed TX's @ 174K, more exchanges adding SegWit, Core prioritizes SegWit GUI][link]19
'''
Day 5: I will repost this guide daily until available solutions like SegWit & order batching are mass adopted, the mempool is empty once again, and transaction fees are low. ARE YOU PART OF THE SOLUTION? Unconfirmed TX's @ 175K
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: Borax
1: https://www.reddit.com/useBastiat 2: ha*kerno**.com*bitc****ow*e*s-yo*-*eed*to*do-these-two-th*ngs-rig*t-*o*-a7*122d*23*4 3: bi*coi*co*e*or**en*segw*t*adoption/ 4: https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/7kherf/what_exchanges_batch_there_withdrawal_txs_to_save/ 5: https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/7lc1n9/latest_bitcoin_core_irc_meeting_segwit_wallet_is/ 6: https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/7lcm1t/exodus_response_as_to_why_they_havent_adopted/ 7: https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/7lgxnc/largest_exchange_in_brazil_implemented_withdraws/ 8: https://bitinfocharts.com/comparison/median_transaction_fee-btc-xmr.html#3m 9: https://blockchain.info/unconfirmed-transactions 10: se*wit.*a*ty/ch*r*s/ 11: how**tok**.com*exp*a*ned/se*d-bitco*n-fa*ter-cheaper-**gWit**ran*ac*i*n* 12: https://blog.coinbase.com/what-happened-at-the-satoshi-roundtable-6c11a10d8cdf 13: https://blog.coinbase.com/bitcoin-segwit-update-3ab0484e4526 14: h*wtoto***.com/explai*ed*s*nd-bitc*in-***te*-*hea*er-S*gW*t-tra*sa*tions/ 15: https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/7kyzxn/if_every_bitcoin_tx_was_a_SegWit_tx_today_wed/?utm_content=comments&utm_medium=user&utm_source=reddit&utm_name=frontpage 16: https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/7l9tda/day_2_i_will_repost_this_guide_daily_until/ 17: https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/7ljpf5/day_3_i_will_repost_this_guide_daily_until/ 18: https://web.archive.org/web/20171212214514/https://bitcoincore.org/en/SegWit_adoption/ 19: https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/7m6zd0/day_4_i_will_repost_this_guide_daily_until/
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[uncensored-r/Bitcoin] Day 5: I will repost this guide daily until available solutions like SegWit & order batching are ...

The following post by Borax is being replicated because the post has been silently removed and some comments within it have been silently removed.
The original post can be found(in censored form) at this link:
np.reddit.com/ Bitcoin/comments/7mgcbf
The original post's content was as follows:
NOTE Just a daily repost because original OP Bastiat seems to be offline (due to holidays I guess). However, this is quite important as I see much misinformation on which exchanges use segwit or not. Please upvote for awareness.
BACKGROUND
Subhan Nadeem has pointed out that:
If every transaction in the Bitcoin network was a SegWit transaction today, blocks would contain up to 8,000 transactions, and the 138,000 176,000 unconfirmed transaction backlog would disappear instantly. Transaction fees would be almost non-existent once again.
A few thousand bitcoin users from /Bitcoin switching to making their next transactions SegWit transactions will help take pressure off the network now, and together we can encourage exchanges/wallets to rapidly deploy SegWit for everyone ASAP. Let's make it happen. You can help by taking one or more of the action steps below.
ACTION STEPS
  1. If your favorite wallet has not yet implemented SegWit, kindly ask them to do so immediately. In the meantime start using a wallet that has already implemented SegWit.
  2. If your favorite exchange has not yet implemented SegWit, try to avoid making any further purchases of bitcoin at that exchange and politely inform them that if they do not enable SegWit within 30-days they will lose your business. Sign-up for an account at a SegWit deployed/ready exchange now and initiate the verification process so you'll be ready to bail
  3. Help educate newcomers to bitcoin about the transaction issue, steer them towards SegWit wallets from day one, and encourage them to avoid ever purchasing bitcoin through non-SegWit ready exchanges that are harming bitcoin
IMPORTANT NOTE: The mempool is currently overflowing. If you are a long-term holder and really have no reason to move your bitcoins at this time, wait until the mempool starts to clear and transaction fees go down before moving your bitcoins to a SegWit address or SegWit friendly exchange
SELECTED TOP EXCHANGES BY SEGWIT & BATCHING STATUS
Exchange Segwit Status Batching Status
Binance ? NOT READY Yes
Bitfinex Not deployed ?
Bitonic Not deployed ?
Bitstamp Deployed Yes
Bittrex ? Yes
Coinbase/GDAX NOT READY No
Gemini Not deployed No
HitBTC Ready Deployed Yes
Huboi ? ?
Kraken Not deployed Yes
LocalBitcoins Not deployed ?
OKEx ? ?
Poloniex Not deployed Yes
QuadrigaCX Deployed Yes
Shapeshift Deployed No
Smaller exchanges which have implemented Segwit
Exchange Segwit Status Batching Status
Zebpay Deployed Yes
Wirex Deployed ?
Source 1Archive Source 2
After seeing this, is it any wonder that 90% of transactions on the network are not using the SegWit technology? And then is it any wonder that fees are ridiculous?
WALLETS
Make sure you have a SegWit capable wallet installed and ready to use for your next bitcoin transaction. Next time you need to send a transaction, use "pay to many" and set your second recipient to be your address in a SegWit wallet you control. However, if you have received a lot of payments to your old software, be aware that this could be a large (bytes) transaction and therefore you might be better off waiting. You will have to decide whether it's worth taking the hit now to prevent wasting money on fees in the near future vs not spending any coins until SegWit adoption is higher.
SegWit Enabled Wallets Wallet Type
Ledger Nano S Hardware
Trezor Hardware
Electrum Desktop
Armory Desktop
Edge iOS
GreenAddress iOS
BitWallet iOS
Samourai Android
GreenBits Android
Electrum Android/iOS
Coinomi (In progress) Android
TODAY's NEWS/DEVELOPMENTS/VICTORIES
MEMPOOL/SEGWIT STATISTICS
FAQs
If I'm a HODLer, will it help to send my BTC to a SegWit address now?
  • No, just get ready now so that your NEXT transaction will be to a SegWit wallet. Avoid burdening the network with any unneccessary transactions for now.
Can you please tell me how to move my bitcoins to SegWit address in Bitcoin core wallet? Does the sender or receiver matter?
  • The Bitcoin core wallet does not yet have a GUI for its SegWit functionality. Download Electrum v3.0.3 to generate a SegWit address.
    A transaction between two SegWit addresses is a SegWit transaction.
    A transaction sent from a SegWit address to a non-SegWit address is a SegWit transaction.
    A transaction sent from a non-SegWit address to a SegWit address is NOT a SegWit transaction. You can send a SegWit Tx if the sending address is a SegWit address.
    Source
What wallet are you using to "batch your sends"? And how can I do that?
  • Using Electrum, the "Tools" menu option: "Pay to many".
    Just enter your receive addresses and the amounts for each, and you can send multiple transactions for nearly the price of one.
Why doesn't the Core Wallet yet support SegWit?
  • The Core Wallet supports SegWit, but its GUI doesn't. The next update will likely have GUI support built-in
Why isn't a large exchange like Coinbase SegWit ready & deployed when much smaller exchanges already are? Why do they default to high fees? Where is the leadership there?
SEGWIT BLOG GUIDES
PREVIOUS DAY'S THREADS
There's lots of excellent info in the comments of the previous threads:
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Trezor vs Ledger - Análise e Comparativo  As carteiras mais seguras de Bitcoin e Criptomoedas! How To Use A Bitcoin Hardware Wallet: Ledger Nano X - YouTube Trezor vs Ledger (Trezor Model T, Ledger Nano S Hardware ... [NEW] Ledger Nano X vs. Trezor Model T (2020)  Which One Is Better? Ledger Nano S Review + Setup For Bitcoin/Ripple/etc - Ledger vs Trezor Bitcoin Wallet: Ledger Nano S & Trezor One Hardware ... Ledger Nano S vs. Trezor - Full Comparison Ledger vs. Trezor Review  Which is the best Cryptocurrency Wallet?

Trezor is made out of plastic but is more compact than Ledger Nano S. Ledger and Trezor both have two physical buttons that are used to confirm or deny the action. Moreover, each fully utilizes its screen which shows transaction information. It is worth noting that Trezor’s display is slightly larger than Ledger’s screen. However, that doesn’t have an impact on performance. The wallets ... Trezor vs. Ledger Nano X Physical Characteristics. While the Trezor basic model is made of plastic (the steel models are hugely more expensive), the Ledger Nano S is made of stainless steel. This makes Ledger look more stylish and provides a higher level of protection from mechanical damage. Ledger Nano S . Beyond this, both the Ledger and Trezor wallets use PIN protection to prevent ... Trezor vs. Ledger Nano S: Kosten Wie Sie sehen können, ist der Kostenunterschied nicht sehr groß – das Ledger Nano S ist bei Amazon.com günstiger, aber nur um ca. $5! Deshalb sind andere Faktoren (wie Münzenunterstützung, Sicherheit und Benutzerfreundlichkeit) die wichtigsten; und sollten die Dinge sein, die Ihnen helfen, Ihre Entscheidung zu treffen. Ledger Nano S vs TREZOR One: Fazit. Auf dem ersten Blick scheinen der Ledger Nano S und TREZOR One nicht sehr verschieden. Aber der genaue Vergleich der beiden Modelle hat gezeigt, dass es sehr wohl Unterschiede gibt. Der Ledger Nano S ist nicht komplett Open Source, ist dafür aber bei der Passwort Verschlüsselung sicherer. Bei der Handhabung ... In terms of setup and usage in the Trezor T vs Ledger Nano X battle, Trezor T comes out as the victor, as it is easier to set up and use. Trezor T vs Ledger Nano X: Wallet Fees. There are no fees for sending and receiving coins between your wallets. Ledger Nano X is sold at $119, while the Trezor model T is sold at a heftier price of $169. Both ... But in this category in Ledger Nano S vs Trezor, it’s worthy to note that Ledger Nano S supports more coins than Trezor. Trezor supports up to 1,071 coins, a little below the number ledger nano s supports. But the criticism in Trezor’s favor regarding coin support feature is that it supports all those coins without any need of installing any additional applications from the coin developers ...

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Trezor vs Ledger - Análise e Comparativo As carteiras mais seguras de Bitcoin e Criptomoedas!

Binance FIAT https: ... Ledger Nano X vs. Trezor Model T (2020) Which One Is Better? - Duration: 14:01. Crypto Renegade 10,623 views. 14:01. 4 unforgivable MISTAKES you should avoid in crypto ... [NEW] Ledger Nano X vs. Trezor Model T (2020) Which One Is Better? CLICK HERE TO BUY LEDGER NANO X -- http://bitcoinlockup.com/crypto/ledger-nano-x/cr CLIC... This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue. Watch Queue Queue Bitcoin Wallet: Ledger Nano S & Trezor One Hardware Wallets Step-by-Step Guide (For Beginners!) This video is a step-by-step guide about bitcoin wallets for ... Buy a Ledger Nano X Here: https://shop.ledger.com/products/ledger-backup-pack?r=faca MY ALL-ENCOMPASSING GUIDE TO GETTING STARTED WITH BITCOIN: https://www.b... Trezor vs Ledger - Análise e Comparativo As carteiras mais seguras de Bitcoin e Criptomoedas! Link: https://cryptotchaps.com/link/kriptobr ... Ledger Nano S el Monedero de Bitcoin mas Seguro - Duration: 11 ... Trezor Vs Ledger Nano S Vs KeepKey. Which is the Best Crypto Hardware Wallet? - Duration: 19:03. IMineBlocks 13,215 views. 19:03 ... ★☆★Download Exodus for Your Trezor★☆★ https://get.exodus.io/trezor #trezor #ledger #bitcoin #exodus #exoduswallet Historically, the best bitcoin wallet may h...

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